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An Audio Makeover For One Of Tulsa’s Most Dynamic Worship Spaces.


In 15-plus years of working out of Nashville, where he toured virtually non-stop as well as mixed the occasional recording, professional audio veteran Andrew Stone rarely – if ever – envisioned plying his talents full time at a church.

Yet that’s just what happened about five years ago when he accepted the position of production manager and audio director at Church On The Move (COTM) in Tulsa.

Now he’s fresh off the complete renovation of the worship sanctuary, utilizing his professional audio experience to help lead a sound reinforcement design rivaling that seen on large concert tours.

COTM, one of the busiest churches in the region, boasts weekly attendance of up to 11,000 spread among several services.

The sanctuary redesign, under the direction of Tulsa-based Selser Schaefer Architects, added 300 seats to increase total capacity to 2,600 in addition to addressing layout and acoustical issues.

Presented with the opportunity to upgrade the production systems as the other significant cog in the process, Stone assembled a highly qualified team.

Some of the flying JBL VerTec arrays, along with one of the groups of flown subwoofers providing cardioid output.

Strategic Connections of Charlotte, NC, was tapped for systems integration, and Jim Brawley, principal of James Brawley & Associates of Clemson, SC, came onboard to consult on modeling and loudspeaker placement.

“It was a collaborative process,” Stone notes. “We weren’t interested in someone just handing us a system without our input – the church has had similar experiences with that in the past.

We had a very solid idea of what form the sound reinforcement system should take, but wanted experts like Strategic Connections and Jim Brawley to help make it all that it could be.”

Despite the addition of a significant number of new seats, the sanctuary retained its original fan shape – very wide and about half as deep, which positions all seats in close proximity to the large front platform that spans a significant portion of the front wall. The platform also juts out into the house in its center region.

“Although 300 seats may not seem like a lot, it allowed us to go from four services a weekend to three, which makes it easier on our tech staff as well as the hundreds of volunteers that help make it all happen,” Stone says.

Under Control
Since originally opening, the sanctuary had always presented acoustical challenges, with significant spans of reflective surfaces. JE Acoustics of Austin, TX provided input for eliminating as many of these challenges as possible.

The system’s Crown Macro-Tech power and BSS Soundweb London processing rack-mounted in a climate-controlled room.

Both side and splay walls have been dampened to a great degree by the application of acoustic panels. These are carefully angled to add further diffraction.

More panels on the back wall, at a height beyond where any loudspeaker energy should be directed, lock down any potential for “slap back” energy to be re-introduced.

And, the previously exposed metal ceiling is now double-insulated, which dramatically improves energy efficiency while also further curbing reflections.

This was especially a priority with a sound design that called for loudspeakers to be mounted close to the ceiling.

“After treatment, the room is within .01 percent of how it should be from an acoustical standpoint. In other words, it’s pretty great,” Stone says.

The previous sound reinforcement system had begun to offer subpar performance that, according Stone, had “little parts of it dying every week.”

The project team envisioned a high-end approach that could support any need and performance style presented by a modern worship style, and further, they wanted it to be very controllable given the acoustical concerns – treatment or not.

Dialed In
Line arrays were the choice for house loudspeakers, with a thorough evaluation process culminating in the selection of JBL VerTec.

Brawley played a big role in helping determine array structures and locations, employing modeling to help with the finer details. “Jim was not one of those guys that want to take over the entire project and stay involved for the life of the system,” Stone says.

“He was there to make sure that the arrays got flown and trimmed and dialed in to perfection, and that was that.”

The arrangement consists of four arrays flown above the front platforms. Two of the main left-right arrays consist of 10 VerTec VT4888 3-way, dual-12 modules flown more toward the center region above the front platform, tapering gently to the classic “J” shape.

Flanking them on the far sides are two more VT4888 arrays, these comprised of nine modules, extending solid coverage to the widest regions of the room while carefully positioned to keep as much energy off the side walls as possible.

Enhanced Principles
The subwoofer complement to the full-range arrays have an interesting “flown and floor approach.” Six JBL ASB6128V dual-18 subwoofers are positioned equidistantly in chambers carved out beneath the front platform.

Dual Midas Heritage 3000 consoles that handle both house and monitors from the operator position.

Another 10 ASB612B subs are flown above, split into two groups of five that are mounted in straight lines behind the full-range arrays on each side.

All are flown on custom flybars designed by Strategic Communications, and at the suggestion of Brawley, each adjacent cabinet has reversed polarity. Combined with some strategic gapping between each unit, the result is cardioid output.

“When we originally looked at how the subs would have to fly, it was kind of ugly,” explains Stone.

“Jim suggested that we fly them one behind the other and to enhance cardioid principles for additional control, and to diffuse low-end build-up down the center of the room. It seemed kind of crazy at first, but sounds amazing.”

Seven JBL AC28/95 compact full-range loudspeakers were installed under the lip of the stage to bolster mid/high coverage to the first few seating rows, in addition to helping to further anchor the audio image to the platform.

Range Of Functions
One of the biggest parts of the remodel was rebuilding the backstage area, which encompasses production and creative offices, all of the back stage space, lighting control, the amp room, as well as all of the building’s AV and computer interconnect.

A new AC run delivers power to the equally new rack room carved on the third floor of this area, right behind one of the main arrays. It’s served by a dedicated air conditioning unit that keeps the temperature at a constant 62 degrees.

Racks house the main system’s 49 Crown MA5000i power amplifiers and eight BSS Soundweb London digital processors, both of which are under Harman HiQnet monitoring and control accessible from several points in the facility, including the house operator position.

The Soundweb London units perform a wide range of functions, not only in zoning and steering the main arrays but also in distributing audio to numerous other areas throughout the COTM campus, such as offices, hallways, lobbies and so on.

While the racks and stacks are new, Stone elected to retain select components from the previous system, most notably the 48-channel Midas Heritage 3000 house mixing console acquired a few years earlier that Stone has grown to really enjoy.

“I considered digital, but I just haven’t found one yet that sounds and reacts like a good Midas board,” he says. “As a matter of fact, I like it so much that we added another Heritage 3000 console to double our channel count.”

The two consoles reside side-by-side at the operator position located centrally in the sanctuary listening area.  All 18 stage monitor sends are also run from these consoles as well.

“The performers were used to having monitors run from front-of-house, so it wasn’t a big deal – we just handle it all from one spot,” he says.

The operator position is also outfitted with dbx and Universal Audio microphone preamps, an assortment of Eventide, TC Electronic and Lexicon effects units, and Klark Teknik Square One dynamics.

Members of the audio production team at COTM. Left to right: Andrew Stone (production manager and audio director), Jesse Burr (audio systems engineer), and Kendall Self (audio engineer).

Meticulous RF 
The project is also marked by a complete overhaul of all of the wireless microphone and monitoring components. Part of this was due to systems being at or near the end of their life spans, and the other part was influenced by the prohibition on the 700 MHz band.

Shure UHF-R systems, equipped with either handheld and beltpack transmitters, are available for all primary vocalists in each service.

In-ear monitoring needs are handled with Sennheiser SR300 G3 systems, while the production staff has Clearcom handheld wireless communication units at their disposal.

With more than 200 frequencies in use on the COTM campus, the system team performed a careful, meticulous RF analysis and plan to insure every wireless system channel can be used, and without threat of interference.

Stone and his team also continue to ride strict herd over the wireless situation to insure that it remains problem-free.

During the renovation process, services were conducted in a different campus location for several months, allowing the team to work without interruption in the drive to finish.

While there was eager anticipation regarding the new sound reinforcement system, upon returning to the room, it delivered even beyond expectations.

“It’s concert-quality, equal to many that we see on the road in support of big tours,” Stone concludes. “When it debuted, I wanted the congregation to be blown away – and they were.”

Julie McLean Clark is a writer and marketing consultant working who has worked in the pro audio industry for more than 15 years.

Bose – MB12 / MB12 WR modular bass loudspeaker

MB12 / MB12 WR

modular bass loudspeaker

Compact 1 x 12″ (305 mm) configuration designed to provide bass augmentation for Bose® LT arrays and other subwoofer applications.  Allows minimal-height arrays when used with LT mid/high loudspeakers.

MB12 for indoor applications only.
MB12 WR  for indoor and outdoor applications.

Troubleshooting “Outlook Express FolderSync Window Class” Error

Troubleshooting “Outlook Express FolderSync Window Class” Error

As a matter of fact, there are two types of files in the Outlook Express email client: the Inbox.dbx file and the Outbox.dbx file.

The Inbox.dbx file holds all the received emails and other data items whereas the Outbox.dbx format file holds all the emails and other data items that are being send to some recipient.

However, sometimes damage and corruption to Inbox.dbx as well as Outbox.dbx format files leads to numerous error messages and total inaccessibility of the Outlook data.

In such a situation, in order to restore your valuable data, you can use the last, valid, and clean.dbx file backup. However, in case of unavailability of a proper and clean DBX file backup, you must use a professional, efficient, and prudent third party Outlook repair tool to repair.dbx files.

Let’s consider a real life practical working scenario wherein when you try to open the Outlook Express application, you fail to accomplish it, rather get the following error message:

“Outlook Express FolderSync Window Class: msimn.exe – Application will not start.”

Once the above mentioned error message appears, the data saved in the Outlook Express email client becomes inaccessible. Further, you cannot access anything unless or until the above mentioned error message is resolved.

Now that we have come to know the error message, let’s try to focus on as to what is the actual reason behind the occurrence of the aforementioned error message.

The primary cause behind the occurrence of the above mentioned error message is corrupt Outlook Express folders such as Inbox.dbx, Sent Items.dbx, and Outbox.dbx files.

In order to resolve the above mentioned error message, perform the below mentioned steps:

1. Click Start – Programs – Accessories – Windows Explorer. 2. In the Windows Explorer, select Tools – Find – Files or Folders. 3. In the Named box, type Outbox.dbx. 4. Select Find Now. 5. Right click the file and rename it. 6. Rename the file as Outbox.old. 7. Restart the Outlook Express application. 8. Once you have performed the above mentioned steps, just in case the error message still appears, then repeat the steps to delete the Sent Items.dbx and the Inbox.dbx file.

By performing the above mentioned steps, you should be able to resolve the issue. However, if the issue is still not resolve then you might just try and restore your valuable and precious data from the last, valid and clean data backup.

However, in case a proper, valid, and clean data backup is not available, then you might just use a professional and proficient third party Outlook Express repair tool to repair DBX format files.

Brilliantly devised, comprehensive, and absolutely impeccable, Kernel for Outlook Express is a professional and proficient Outlook Express recovery tool to repair DBX format files.

Kernel for Outlook Express is a professional tool that comes with an intuitive, interactive, as well as self descriptive graphical user interface that enables not only professional but non technical users to easily work on the tool.

The author of this article is a content writer with tremendous knowledge on DBX file repair issues. He uses his knowledge to write useful articles on how to repair Outlook Express DBX files.

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Music Genres

Music Genres

This is a list of some of the world’s music genre and their definitions.

African Folk – Music held to be typical of a nation or ethnic group, known to all segments of its society, and preserved usually by oral tradition.

Afro jazz – Refers to jazz music which has been heavily influenced by African music. The music took elements of marabi, swing and American jazz and synthesized this into a unique fusion. The first band to really achieve this synthesis was the South African band Jazz Maniacs.

Afro-beat – Is a combination of Yoruba music, jazz, Highlife, and funk rhythms, fused with African percussion and vocal styles, popularized in Africa in the 1970s.

Afro-Pop – Afropop or Afro Pop is a term sometimes used to refer to contemporary African pop music. The term does not refer to a specific style or sound, but is used as a general term to describe African popular music.

Apala – Originally derived from the Yoruba people of Nigeria. It is a percussion-based style that developed in the late 1930s, when it was used to wake worshippers after fasting during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.

Assiko – is a popular dance from the South of Cameroon. The band is usually based on a singer accompanied with a guitar, and a percussionnist playing the pulsating rhythm of Assiko with metal knives and forks on an empty bottle.

Batuque – is a music and dance genre from Cape Verde.

Bend Skin – is a kind of urban Cameroonian popular music. Kouchoum Mbada is the most well-known group associated with the genre.

Benga – Is a musical genre of Kenyan popular music. It evolved between the late 1940s and late 1960s, in Kenya’s capital city of Nairobi.

Biguine – is a style of music that originated in Martinique in the 19th century. By combining the traditional bele music with the polka, the black musicians of Martinique created the biguine, which comprises three distinct styles, the biguine de salon, the biguine de bal and the biguines de rue.

Bikutsi – is a musical genre from Cameroon. It developed from the traditional styles of the Beti, or Ewondo, people, who live around the city of Yaounde.

Bongo Flava – it has a mix of rap, hip hop, and R&B for starters but these labels don’t do it justice. It’s rap, hip hop and R&B Tanzanian style: a big melting pot of tastes, history, culture and identity.

Cadence – is a particular series of intervals or chords that ends a phrase, section, or piece of music.

Calypso – is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. The roots of the genre lay in the arrival of African slaves, who, not being allowed to speak with each other, communicated through song.

Chaabi – is a popular music of Morocco, very similar to the Algerian Rai.

Chimurenga – is a Zimbabwean popular music genre coined by and popularised by Thomas Mapfumo. Chimurenga is a Shona language word for struggle.

Chouval Bwa – features percussion, bamboo flute, accordion, and wax-paper/comb-type kazoo. The music originated among rural Martinicans.

Christian Rap – is a form of rap which uses Christian themes to express the songwriter’s faith.

Coladeira – is a form of music in Cape Verde. Its element ascends to funacola which is a mixture of funanáa and coladera. Famous coladera musicians includes Antoninho Travadinha.

Contemporary Christian – is a genre of popular music which is lyrically focused on matters concerned with the Christian faith.

Country – is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. It has roots in traditional folk music, Celtic music, blues, gospel music, hokum, and old-time music and evolved rapidly in the 1920s.

Dance Hall – is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed in the late 1970s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. It is also known as bashment. The style is characterized by a deejay singing and toasting (or rapping) over raw and danceable music riddims.

Disco – is a genre of dance-oriented pop music that was popularized in dance clubs in the mid-1970s.

Folk – in the most basic sense of the term, is music by and for the common people.

Freestyle – is a form of electronic music that is heavily influenced by Latin American culture.

Fuji – is a popular Nigerian musical genre. It arose from the improvisation Ajisari/were music tradition, which is a kind of Muslim music performed to wake believers before dawn during the Ramadan fasting season.

Funana – is a mixed Portuguese and African music and dance from Santiago, Cape Verde. It is said that the lower part of the body movement is African, and the upper part Portuguese.

Funk – is an American musical style that originated in the mid- to late-1960s when African American musicians blended soul music, soul jazz and R&B into a rhythmic, danceable new form of music.

Gangsta rap – is a subgenre of hip-hop music which developed during the late 1980s. ‘Gangsta’ is a variation on the spelling of ‘gangster’. After the popularity of Dr. Dre’s The Chronic in 1992, gangsta rap became the most commercially lucrative subgenre of hip-hop.

Genge – is a genre of hip hop music that had its beginnings in Nairobi, Kenya. The name was coined and popularized by Kenyan rapper Nonini who started off at Calif Records. It is a style that incorporates hip hop, dancehall and traditional African music styles. It is commonly sung in Sheng(slung),Swahili or local dialects.

Gnawa – is a mixture of African, Berber, and Arabic religious songs and rhythms. It combines music and acrobatic dancing. The music is both a prayer and a celebration of life.

Gospel – is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian.

Highlife – is a musical genre that originated in Ghana and spread to Sierra Leone and Nigeria in the 1920s and other West African countries.

Hip-Hop – is a style of popular music, typically consisting of a rhythmic, rhyming vocal style called rapping (also known as emceeing) over backing beats and scratching performed on a turntable by a DJ.

House – is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. House music is strongly influenced by elements of the late 1970s soul- and funk-infused dance music style of disco.

Indie – is a term used to describe genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and other cultural attributes in music, characterized by their independence from major commercial record labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing.

Instrumental – An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments.

Isicathamiya – is an a cappella singing style that originated from the South African Zulus.

Jazz – is an original American musical art form which originated around the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States out of a confluence of African and European music traditions.

Jit – is a style of popular Zimbabwean dance music. It features a swift rhythm played on drums and accompanied by a guitar.

Juju – is a style of Nigerian popular music, derived from traditional Yoruba percussion. It evolved in the 1920s in urban clubs across the countries. The first jùjú recordings were by Tunde King and Ojoge Daniel from the 1920s.

Kizomba – is one of the most popular genres of dance and music from Angola. Sung generally in Portuguese, it is a genre of music with a romantic flow mixed with African rhythm.

Kwaito – is a music genre that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa in the early 1990s. It is based on house music beats, but typically at a slower tempo and containing melodic and percussive African samples which are looped, deep basslines and often vocals, generally male, shouted or chanted rather than sung or rapped.

Kwela – is a happy, often pennywhistle based, street music from southern Africa with jazzy underpinnings. It evolved from the marabi sound and brought South African music to international prominence in the 1950s.

Lingala – Soukous (also known as Soukous or Congo, and previously as African rumba) is a musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries of Belgian Congo and French Congo during the 1930s and early 1940s

Makossa – is a type of music which is most popular in urban areas in Cameroon. It is similar to soukous, except it includes strong bass rhythm and a prominent horn section. It originated from a type of Duala dance called kossa, with significant influences from jazz, ambasse bey, Latin music, highlife and rumba.

Malouf – a kind of music imported to Tunisia from Andalusia after the Spanish conquest in the 15th century.

Mapouka – also known under the name of Macouka, is a traditional dance from the south-east of the Ivory Coast in the area of Dabou, sometimes carried out during religious ceremonies.

Maringa – is a West African musical genre. It evolved among the Kru people of Sierra Leone and Liberia, who used Portuguese guitars brought by sailors, combining local melodies and rhythms with Trinidadian calypso.

Marrabenta – is a form of Mozambican dance music. It was developed in Maputo, the capital city of Mozambique, formerly Laurenco Marques.

Mazurka – is a Polish folk dance in triple meter with a lively tempo, containing a heavy accent on the third or second beat. It is always found to have either a triplet, trill, dotted eighth note pair, or ordinary eighth note pair before two quarter notes.

Mbalax – is the national popular dance music of Senegal. It is a fusion of popular dance musics from the West such as jazz, soul, Latin, and rock blended with sabar, the traditional drumming and dance music of Senegal.

Mbaqanga – is a style of South African music with rural Zulu roots that continues to influence musicians worldwide today. The style was originated in the early 1960s.

Mbube – is a form of South African vocal music, made famous by the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. The word mbube means “lion” in Zulu

Merengue – is a type of lively, joyful music and dance that comes from the Dominican Republic

Morna – is a genre of Cape Verdean music, related to Portuguese fado, Brazilian modinha, Argentinian tango, and Angolan lament.

Museve – is a popular Zimbabwe music genre. Artists include Simon Chimbetu and Alick Macheso

Oldies – term commonly used to describe a radio format that usually concentrates on Top 40 music from the ’50s, ’60s and ’70s. Oldies are typically from R&B, pop and rock music genres.

Pop – is an ample and imprecise category of modern music not defined by artistic considerations but by its potential audience or prospective market.

Quadrille – is a historic dance performed by four couples in a square formation, a precursor to traditional square dancing. It is also a style of music.

R&B – is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences, first performed by African American artists.

Rai – is a form of folk music, originated in Oran, Algeria from Bedouin shepherds, mixed with Spanish, French, African and Arabic musical forms, which dates back to the 1930s and has been primarily evolved by women in the culture.

Ragga – is a sub-genre of dancehall music or reggae, in which the instrumentation primarily consists of electronic music; sampling often serves a prominent role in raggamuffin music as well.

Rap – is the rhythmic singing delivery of rhymes and wordplay, one of the elements of hip hop music and culture.

Rara – is a form of festival music used for street processions, typically during Easter Week.

Reggae – is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. A particular music style that originated following on the development of ska and rocksteady. Reggae is based on a rhythm style characterized by regular chops on the off-beat, known as the skank.

Reggaeton – is a form of urban music which became popular with Latin American youth during the early 1990s. Originating in Panama, Reggaeton blends Jamaican music influences of reggae and dancehall with those of Latin America, such as bomba, plena, merengue, and bachata as well as that of hip hop and Electronica.

Rock – is a form of popular music with a prominent vocal melody accompanied by guitar, drums, and bass. Many styles of rock music also use keyboard instruments such as organ, piano, synthesizers.

Rumba – is a family of music rhythms and dance styles that originated in Africa and were introduced to Cuba and the New World by African slaves.

Salegy – is a popular type of Afropop styles exported from Madagascar. This Sub-Saharan African folk music dance originated with the Malagasy language of Madagascar, Southern Africa.

Salsa – is a diverse and predominantly Spanish Caribbean genre that is popular across Latin America and among Latinos abroad.

Samba – is one of the most popular forms of music in Brazil. It is widely viewed as Brazil’s national musical style.

Sega – is an evolved combination of traditional Music of Seychelles,Mauritian and Réunionnais music with European dance music like polka and quadrilles.

Seggae – is a music genre invented in the mid 1980s by the Mauritian Rasta singer, Joseph Reginald Topize who was sometimes known as Kaya, after a song title by Bob Marley. Seggae is a fusion of sega from the island country, Mauritius, and reggae.

Semba – is a traditional type of music from the Southern-African country of Angola. Semba is the predecessor to a variety of music styles originated from Africa, of which three of the most famous are Samba (from Brazil), Kizomba (Angolan style of music derived directly from Zouk music) and Kuduro (or Kuduru, energetic, fast-paced Angolan Techno music, so to speak).

Shona Music – is the music of the Shona people of Zimbabwe. There are several different types of traditional Shona music including mbira, singing, hosho and drumming. Very often, this music will be accompanied by dancing, and participation by the audience.

Ska – is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was a precursor to rocksteady and reggae. Ska combined elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues.

Slow Jam – is typically a song with an R&B-influenced melody. Slow jams are commonly R&B ballads or just downtempo songs. The term is most commonly reserved for soft-sounding songs with heavily emotional or romantic lyrical content.

Soca – is a form of dance music that originated in Trinidad from calypso. It combines the melodic lilting sound of calypso with insistent (usually electronic in recent music) percussion.

Soukous – is a musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries of Belgian Congo and French Congo during the 1930s and early 1940s, and which has gained popularity throughout Africa.

Soul – is a music genre that combines rhythm and blues and gospel music, originating in the United States.

Taarab – is a music genre popular in Tanzania. It is influenced by music from the cultures with a historical presence in East Africa, including music from East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, the Middle East and Europe. Taarab rose to prominence in 1928 with the rise of the genre’s first star, Siti binti Saad.

Tango – is a style of music that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay. It is traditionally played by a sextet, known as the orquesta típica, which includes two violins, piano, doublebass, and two bandoneons.

Waka – is a popular Islamic-oriented Yoruba musical genre. It was pioneered and made popular by Alhaja Batile Alake from Ijebu, who took the genre into the mainstream Nigerian music by playing it at concerts and parties; also, she was the first waka singer to record an album.

Wassoulou – is a genre of West African popular music, named after the region of Wassoulou. It is performed mostly by women, using lyrics that address women’s issues regarding childbearing, fertility and polygamy.

Ziglibithy – is a style of Ivorian popular music that developed in the 1970s. It was the first major genre of music from the Ivory Coast. The first major pioneer of the style was Ernesto Djedje.

Zouglou – is a dance oriented style of music from the Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) that first evolved in the 1990s. It started with students (les parents du Campus) from the University of Abidjan.

Zouk – is a style of rhythmic music originating from the French islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique. It has its roots in kompa music from Haiti, cadence music from Dominica, as popularised by Grammacks and Exile One.

Titus Kamau is a proud contributing author and writes articles on several subjects including Entertainment. You can get free Entertainment articles at Titus Kamau Articles located at

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How to Open, Balance and Align Your 7 Chakras Using Crystals

How to Open, Balance and Align Your 7 Chakras Using Crystals

Chakras are energy vortexes within the body. The main 7 chakras start at the crown, on the top of the head and run all the way down your spine to the coccyx, the root chakra. When these vortexes are open and any blockage is removed, chakras are balanced and aligned, our vital energy can run smoothly through the body making us feel vibrant and alive.

Meditation on each chakra helps to open it, we can use crystals to help dispel any blockage. The way to do it is to lie down comfortably on your back and put appropriate crystals on each chakra, then starting from the base or root chakra and going up, try to concentrate on the energy you feel coming out of the crystal, let the crystal absorb any negativity in the chakra and help the chakra vortex stabilise. Do this for each chakra until you get to the crown chakra.

Many ask how would I know if a stone or a crystal is appropriate to a certain chakra? The easiest way is to go by colours and one useful color scheme is the rainbow. The seven chakras are associated with the colours of the rainbow as follows:

base chakra – red,
navel chakra – orange,
solar plexus chakra – yellow,
heart chakra – green,
throat chakra – blue,
third eye chakra – indigo,
crown chakra – violet.

There are various crystals or stones associated with every chakra.

Sometimes during meditation one can feel blockages between the chakras on what is known as the path of Sushumna, which is the path where energy travels up and down the 7 chakras. For example one can feel a blockage between the solar plexus and the heart chakras, or between the heart and the throat chakras.

One way to help with this is to use crystals that incorporate the two colours of the chakras above and below the blockage. For example in the first case a yellow green apatite, and in the second case a blue green tourmaline placed where the blockage is felt would help.

Clear Quartz in all its formations is an excellent conductor of energies. Clear Quartz can be used to enhance the energy of other crystals and stones. Place clear quartz near any other crystal or stone to amplify its effects. Multi-coloured stones relate to a combination of different chakras, and hence can be useful to create a combined effect.

It is important to cleanse your crystals frequently by rinsing them under running water, lighting incense around them (sage is recommended), or burying them in clean soil.

For a diagram and list of chakra stones visit

More information on historical traditions, metaphysical attributes, formations of crystals, gemstones, minerals, birthstones, zodiac and planet crystals, Astrology and free birth chart at

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Unlimited Music Downloads – Where to Download Quality Music

Unlimited Music Downloads – Where to Download Quality Music

Unlimited music downloads are now made readily available on the internet from different online music stores and services. Some go on a pay-per-download basis, while others go on a subscription service, either on monthly or one-time basis. They reportedly carry millions of sound tracks and MP3 files from all the known music genres you can ever find. The question of where to download music is therefore answered by going to these music services which provide unlimited music downloads. But it is equally important to know which are the best deals in town when locating where to download music online. We take a look at what is downloading online music from these music download sites all about.

Major online music stores like HMV, Amazon and so on carry many labels and their selection is fantastic with loads of music pieces, movie soundtracks, songs, music videos and practically unlimited music downloads are available for you to download. Never worry about where to download music again. However, music lovers after getting the thrill of downloading lots of music files start to feel the pinch. This is where the latest new generation of music download sites would make them scream with excitement again.

You see, the new music download sites offer unlimited music downloads. And by that, it means that you not only can find any title or album you want but also download them without any quantity restriction. Be it 1000 songs or 10,000 songs that you intend to download, it does not matter. These music download sites would charge you only once for unlimited music downloads at an affordable rate that even teens have the ability to get their memberships. That is the whole intention of the music download sites, to reach the mass musical audience.

But there are almost a dozen of unlimited music downloads sites that solve your problem of where to download music quickly. So it can be quite a challenge to decide which to go for. Do not worry as here are some useful tips to help you along to decide where to download music from which music download sites for unlimited music downloads. These would find you the suitable music download site.

Be sure to first check out the music selection of these music download sites. There is really no point in using them even if they have millions of music pieces and songs, ie unlimited music downloads in their collection but none are what you want. Most should carry the general range of music that are more common like pop, rock and so on. But if you are looking for specific niche genres which are a little bit uncommon, you need to check if the music collection at these music download sites carries your desired label or brand of music.

Secondly, you need to confirm the file format of the music files you are downloading from the music download sites. This is easy as many have unlimited music downloads in MP3 format. This is the most commonly readable format used by most MP3 players or digital portable players. So as long as the music download site has it, you know this is where to download music so that you can enjoy unlimited music downloads on your player.

Another thing to take note of is some music download sites for unlimited music downloads require you to download special client application in order to download music online. If you are a frequent traveller, you may not like the idea that you need to install software on your computer in order to download music. This means that you can only do so from home. As such, you may want to go for those that do not require any client applications to do so. That said, the client application does not need a lot of computer resources and can be easily installed and removed. It is really your choice when getting the unlimited music downloads from the music download sites.

Anyone who wishes to learn more about where to download music at amazingly low one-off prices can visit my music blog and begin your journey of putting unlimited music downloads on your computer or MP3 player.

Davion is a music addict and carry do without them. Find out about hot and limited offers for unlimited music downloads. Also read his wildly popular article for unlimited music downloads tips.

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How To Recover an Outlook Express DBX File

How To Recover an Outlook Express DBX File

The article describes how to recover the lost or destroyed DBX files in Outlook Express. The Microsoft email client stores the entire data namely emails, attachments, contacts etc. in.dbx files. The methods compiled here are reliable and correct to the date. However, it is advised that these should be followed carefully to avoid running into problems. Besides, it will save your precious time as well as money that would indeed be wasted searching for Outlook Express support or Microsoft support options.


Before beginning, you must understand that it is not possible to recover these files manually as the data lies somewhere on the hard drive after it has corrupted or has been accidentally removed. Thus, the only solution is to recover it using a software program that can read hard drive and bring up the data within some time.

There are various free or paid software tools available online. Some of these include Easy Outlook Express Repair, MailNavigator, PDS DBX recovery software, Outlook Express Restore Tool, and Recovery Toolbox for Outlook Express among others. You can either download a demo or full version of these tools.

All the tools have somewhat different or same features. Some of these can even convert your files to MS Outlook, Outlook Express, or Thunderbird files besides repairing the damaged.dbx files. Once you are done reviewing and checking what tool needs to be downloaded, visit its official website or a torrent but safe one and download it.

Click on the Save File button to save it. Choose a location like Desktop to save it. Otherwise, the tool will automatically be saved to the Downloads folder. When done, browse to the location, locate the file and open it by clicking on its icon. Hit the Run button to initiate the setup.exe file. Follow the onscreen prompts and complete the installation.

When finished, open the tool and check for different options and use them to repair and/or recover the damage Outlook Express files. If you need help with the tool, then visit the website where it was downloaded from and go through the instructions. You can also take a printout of the instructions in order to save yourself from switching between the browser and Outlook Express windows.

When the recovery process has finished, check that all your Outlook Express data is in place. Exit all the windows and reboot your computer. This is not usually needed until you are prompted to do so.

Additional Tips:

It is always recommended to backup your entire data on a regular basis. This saves you from the hassles of downloading and running different software to recover the crucial data. Besides, it saves you a great deal of time and money that are usually spent on looking for different support options.

The article is associated with ‘Outlook Express DBX File Recovery’ available on

V tech-squad Inc. is the leading third-party service provider of certified online technical support services. Our Microsoft-certified technicians not only resolve virus/spyware removal issues but also educate you how to avoid your PC from future interaction with any type of worm, virus, or Trojan etc. Our top-class services include Microsoft product support, antivirus issues, malware issues, spyware issues, wireless router issues, printer issues, and non-computer devices etc.

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Does Netflix Game Rental Exist?

Does Netflix Game Rental Exist?

There has been a lot of buzz lately about Netflix game rental. Netflix of course is one of the premier outlets for online movie rental. As such, it makes sense that people are hungry to take advantage of their video game rental service. But does it really exist, and what’s the explanation behind it either way?

Right now there is no such thing as Netflix game rental, and actually there are not even plans to make such a change. Netflix is focused on providing movies, and they are leaving the online video game rentals to some of the other established companies in that field such as GameFly and Gamerang. All of their future development seems pinned to movies – from online streaming on your computer and much more.

It would really be an entirely different business plan for them, not just something you can easily pick up and add into the fold. On the one hand, they would be able to take advantage of their 100 distribution centers around the country for mailing, but they would have to buy all of those games, develop new pricing models and much more.

So why have the rumors of Netflix game rental continued on, despite the fact that the company at this time has no plans to go down that route? Well, for one thing Netflix has established a relationship working with PlayStation. Now when you use Netflix, you can stream movies straight to your PlayStation 3 and watch them on your television with the help of a free disc that they will send you.

Therefore, with an existing relationship like that between Netflix and PlayStation, it’s easy to see why some people were thinking they would dive into the world of online video game rentals. Imagine being able to rent new video game titles, or perhaps bits and pieces of them, streamed directly to your television and game console through an online service! That would be the ultimate in convenience and luxury, but for now at least it’s something that’s just not going to happen.

When you’re looking for a great video game rental service, you still have plenty of options. As mentioned, there is GameFly and Gamerang, and other services as well such as RentZero. So while Netflix game rental sounds fun, you won’t be missing out too much because there are some great, convenient and affordable plans with reputable companies that are out there today for you to take advantage of.

Don’t worry, even without Netflix there are still some fantastic choices for video game rentals online. Find out everything you need to know about free trials, monthly plans and more with detailed, in-depth game rental reviews, provided by

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Leon – The Gastronomic Jewel in the Castillian Crown

Leon – The Gastronomic Jewel in the Castillian Crown

Leon, a compact city home to around 140,000 and located about four hours drive north west of Madrid, is not a destination often found on the ‘Must Visit’ lists of Spanish hot-spots. High up on the Castilian ‘meseta’ and surrounded by interminable agricultural plains, the city feels isolated and somewhat trapped in time, a sensation amplified by its long, cold winters and gothic city centre. The few tourists who do visit here are almost exclusively pilgrims on the ‘Camino de Santiago’ who stop to admire the imposing cathedral that dominates the ‘Casco Antiguo’ (the old town). But deep within its centuries-old heart and crumbling city walls, Leon hides a culinary surprise of inestimable value, both cultural and gastronomic. Tapas. Not petrol station-style snacks, not British-style tapas-as-a-meal, not 3 Euro San Sebastian-style pinchos, but authentic Spanish tapas.

Not only is Leon one of the only Spanish cities left where tapas are still served as they have been for centuries – as a small, free accompaniment to a drink, but the tapas are generous (sometimes amazingly so) and a ‘corto’ (a small glass of beer) still only costs 1 Euro (Jan 2009) or less and will earn you the right to your tapa dish. To this add the incredible variety of tapas served by the hundreds of bars dotted around the city, most of which have a distinct house specialty, and the laid-back, bar-hopping style of the locals and the result is a ‘tapas culture’ which is rivaled perhaps only by Granada on a world scale.

I’m Jonathan Pincas, a big fan of ‘worklife freedom’ and the founder of a small Spanish food importer which I run as a virtual business.

Want to know how? Visit ‘Say No! to the Office’

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Retrieve Emails After DBX Corruption

Retrieve Emails After DBX Corruption

Store Folder- as the name suggests, this folder is the repository of the Outlook Express where the entire email data such as email messages, folders, newsgroups etc are saved. Since Outlook Express is used exhaustively at workplaces, chances are that Store Folder might become corrupt or damaged. If corruption strikes in Store Folder, the application might behave abnormally and you can lose access to all your important emails and other data saved in Outlook Express. Inaccessibility to important data in Outlook Express might leave you in disgust and pose a serious data loss situation for you. However, you can retrieve emails using third party DBX repair software.

Appearance of “Error 0X800C012E,5” in Outlook Express In case your DBX file gets corrupt and you are facing the issue of data inaccessibility with your emails, then you might just come across the error given below:

“Outlook Express could not be started. The application was unable to open the Outlook Express message store. Your computer may be out of memory or your disk is full. Contact Microsoft support for further assistance. (0x800C012E,5)”

In this case, if you click OK button, you might just encounter one more error message that says:

“Outlook Express could not be started because MSOE.DLL could not be initialized. Outlook Express may not be installed correctly.”

In order to know more about MSOE.DLL, read more. MSOE.DLL is an important Outlook Express library file. MSOE.DLL file is the most important component used by the email client. Suppose that the file is unavailable or suppose it stops somehow then your email client’s profile will stop responding. Problems related with this MSOE.DLL file might just generate certain error messages on your computer system and restrict your email client from working appropriately on your computer.

Although, if the data in these files has become inaccessible due to corruption, third party Kernel email recovery software will surely help you retrieve emails. But before you switch to some email recovery solution, make sure that the Outlook Express Folders are not set as read-only. If in case Outlook Express folders are configured to be read-only, then it can make the folders appear as corrupt. In order to ensure that the folders are not set as read-only, you can follow the steps given below:

1.Click Start –> Find and select Files or Folders 2.Type “*–>DBX” in the Named box 3.Search for the same in the Windows Installation partition 4.Now clear the “Read-only” checkbox in the Properties tab of all the folders 5.Click the Apply button to apply the currently altered settings

If you think that your DBX folders have gone corrupt, then you can always repair the DBX file and retrieve emails efficiently using a third party email recovery tool. Usually, the email recovery tools are devised especially for particular email client as al the email clients have different email architectures.

Use Kernel email recovery tool to ensure you do not lose on your important email data. After DBX repair, you will be able to access the folders easily. In order to regain access to your emails, you can always rely on your highly reliable email recovery tool that will help you repair DBX files easily without hampering the data integrity of your email data.

The Author of this article is a network administrator and has in-depth knowledge about email recovery software to retrieve email. He likes to share his knowledge with his readers by writing innovative and informative articles.

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